Thrombogenic performance of a St. Jude bileaflet mechanical heart valve in a sheep model. Yin, W., Krukenkamp, I. B., Saltman, A. E., Gaudette, G., Suresh, K., Bernal, O., Jesty, J., & Bluestein, D. ASAIO J, 52:28-33, 2006.
Thrombogenic performance of a St. Jude bileaflet mechanical heart valve in a sheep model [pdf]Paper  Thrombogenic performance of a St. Jude bileaflet mechanical heart valve in a sheep model [link]Link  abstract   bibtex   
The sheep model is preferred for chronic evaluation of prosthetic heart valves, surgical techniques, and endocardiographic studies. A bileaflet mechanical heart valve (MHV) was implanted into a sheep model to study its in vivo performance and to evaluate the thrombogenic potential of the valve. Transesophageal echocardiography and transcranial Doppler ultrasonography measurements were conducted before and after the valve implantation. Platelet activity state (PAS) assay measurements were also conducted before and after the implantation surgery. After sheep euthanasia, the MHV was explanted and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was performed on the explanted valve to examine changes to the MHV surface. Tissue blocks were taken from the sheep brain, left ventricle, aorta, spleen, and lung lobes for histological examination. Our results indicated that after the MHV implantation, more embolic signals were detected in the sheep carotid artery, increasing monotonously as a function of implantation time. Echocardiographic parameters including blood aortic velocity, transvalvular pressure gradient, and velocity time integral increased. PAS increased significantly after valve implantation. SEM pictures demonstrated calcium and phosphate deposition on the valve surfaces. Histological examination demonstrated hemorrhage in the lung tissue, pulmonary thrombosis, and osteogenesis in heart tissue.
@article{z64,
 author = {Yin, W. and Krukenkamp, I. B. and Saltman, A. E. and Gaudette, G. and Suresh, K. and Bernal, O. and Jesty, J. and Bluestein, D.},
 year = {2006},
 title = {Thrombogenic performance of a St. Jude bileaflet mechanical heart valve in a sheep model},
 journal = {ASAIO J},
 volume = {52},
 issue = {1},
 pages = {28-33},
 url_Paper={/labs/dbluestein/PDF/Yin_2006_MHV_sheep_model.pdf},
 url_Link = {https://doi.org/10.1097/01.mat.0000198123.42686.ca},
 abstract = {The sheep model is preferred for chronic evaluation of prosthetic heart valves, surgical techniques, and endocardiographic studies. A bileaflet mechanical heart valve (MHV) was implanted into a sheep model to study its in vivo performance and to evaluate the thrombogenic potential of the valve. Transesophageal echocardiography and transcranial Doppler ultrasonography measurements were conducted before and after the valve implantation. Platelet activity state (PAS) assay measurements were also conducted before and after the implantation surgery. After sheep euthanasia, the MHV was explanted and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was performed on the explanted valve to examine changes to the MHV surface. Tissue blocks were taken from the sheep brain, left ventricle, aorta, spleen, and lung lobes for histological examination. Our results indicated that after the MHV implantation, more embolic signals were detected in the sheep carotid artery, increasing monotonously as a function of implantation time. Echocardiographic parameters including blood aortic velocity, transvalvular pressure gradient, and velocity time integral increased. PAS increased significantly after valve implantation. SEM pictures demonstrated calcium and phosphate deposition on the valve surfaces. Histological examination demonstrated hemorrhage in the lung tissue, pulmonary thrombosis, and osteogenesis in heart tissue.},
 project = {phvexperiments},
 type = {1. Peer-Reviewed Journal Papers}
}
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